It's not that 10, hours makes anybody a prodigy; it's simply one requirement often, a very difficult one. He's trying to counteract the idea that if you're not a genius at first, then you'll never be one.
Talent is passed down from parents or grandparents it seems, whether it is musical or artistic skill, ability with numbers or being great at juggling. No doubt there are significant genetic factors involved, but there are almost certainly environmental factors in the mix too.
Perhaps the two work together, one boosting the other, so that those remarkable genes give rise to remarkable talent only if the skills are suitably nurtured.
However, many people now recognise that talent is learned and earned through extended and intense practice of a skill. No pain, no gain, as they say, in which case genes may have little to do with it. This idea is encapsulated in a golden rule made popular by the writer Malcolm Gladwell in his book Outliers.
The rule tells us, a mere 10, hours of dedicated practice in your particular field is sufficient to bring out the best in you. Students had begun playing at around five years of age, all putting in similar practice times, but by age eight, the practice times began to diverge, some practising more than others.
By age twenty, the elite performers totalled 10, hours of practice each, while the merely good students had totalled 8, hours, and the lesser-able performers had just over 4, hours of practice.
Ericsson and his colleagues discovered a similar pattern in professional and amateur pianists. By the age of twenty, amateurs had put in 2, hours of practice, whereas professionals had done considerably more — reaching 10, hours, 10 000 hour rule essay help fact.
Gladwell points out that all great sportspeople, performers and even computer programmers got in their 10, hours of practice in their particular art early in life, allowing them to shine while their less-diligent contemporaries were still grappling with the basics.
For instance, he cites the figure of 10, hours in connection with the early days of The Beatles when they played almost endless nights in the clubs and bars of Hamburg, Germany, between and This opportunity gave them something few musicians had during that era — plenty of time to practice.
Ultimately, says Gladwell, this is what made the Fab Four top musicians and songwriters. He also cites Bill Gates, the co-founder of computer software giant Microsoft, as a great example of the 10,hour rule.
He had rare access to a computer in at the age of 13, at a time when most of his school friends in Seattle would have been playing baseball, or dreaming of putting flowers in their hair and heading to San Francisco.
Gates spent night times and weekends with friends in the computer room, which gave him a substantial head start in the area of programming, and apparently allowed him to build his company at a much younger age than he might otherwise have been able to.
Many of us imagine that hours and hours spent on our chosen pursuit are somehow edging us towards that target of 10, Anyone who has heard me strumming might suggest that I plug headphones into my guitar amp and practise for another 10, hours before letting anyone ever hear me play again.
One person who might agree is Ericsson, the psychologist on whose research Gladwell apparently based his interpretation of the 10,hour rule.
Not because he has heard me play, but because this rule is not quite as it may seem. To notch up 10, hours would require about 90 minutes of practice every day for 20 years. This might explain why the typical child learning the piano will never make it to concert level.
Unfortunately, the moment the 10,hour mark is reached is not a skills tipping point — to use another phrase popularised by Gladwell. Learning and gaining experience are gradual processes; skills evolve slowly, with practice. And there is a vast range of time periods over which different individual reach their own peak of proficiency — their concert level, you might say — in whatever field.
But there is nothing magical about the 10, figure, as Ericsson said recentlybecause the best group of musicians had accumulated an average, not a total, of over 10, hours by the age of twenty.
In fact, one can attain international-level status in less time, especially if the area is less competitive. For instance, Ericsson and colleagues have found that college students could reach a world-class performance for memorising digits after only to 1, hours of training. Ericsson is also on record as emphasising that not just any old practice counts towards the 10,hour average.
It has to be deliberate, dedicated time spent focusing on improvement. Sportspeople have other considerations, for instance, there are physical limits on how much dedicated practice is possible.
But the question of whether or not 10, or even 25, hours of practice is enough does not tell us anything about whether some people are born with a particular talent. We do not yet know whether anyone with strong enough motivation and the spare time could become a virtuoso simply through deliberate practice, year in year out.
Even 10, hours of dedicated practice may not be enough to give you the skills of a virtuoso. But whether you dream of playing at the concert hall, wielding the guitar, or taking part on the running track, 10, hours is a good starting point.
Double that and you may even be winning international competitions. However you look at it, being the best requires a lot of time and effort, and few people are willing to dedicate so much of their lives to a single pursuit.
So while practice may get some of us close to perfection, for many of us it is an unattainable goal. Some day, I might even unplug those headphones once more. This is an edited extract from Deceived Wisdom: If you would like to comment on this article or anything else you have seen on Future, head over to our Facebook page or message us on Twitter.Gladwell wonders if the ten thousand hour rule applies across cultures and disciplines.
He decides to take two (very famous) examples: the Beatles, one of the most popular rock bands of all-time, and Bill Gates, one of the world’s richest men.
Mar 21, · Is the 10, hour rule actually true? We'll find out in this video. * Join my BELIEVE newsletter: ph-vs.com 1) Your passion. The Matthew Effect looks at Canadian hockey players and how the overwhelming majority of these players are born from January to March. The cutoff date determining what division the child can play is in January 1st, so those children born early in the year are older, and more mature, and this gives them an advantage [ ].
Outliers-The Story of Success, by Malcolm Gladwell Essay Words 8 Pages Outliers-The Story of Success is a sociological, and psychological non-fiction book, which discusses success, and the driving reasons behind why some people are significantly more successful than others.
If you haven’t heard about the 10, Hour Rule, you’re probably busy doing what people do.
Living life on your own terms. Malcolm Gladwell identified this 10, hour maxim in his book, ph-vs.com rule has to do with attaining Big Time Success. This “10, hours of practice” rule is based on research by psychologist Anders Ericsson, now at Florida State University.
The rule tells us, a mere 10, hours of dedicated practice in your.