Not bad, for kitty litter. But a civilization that does gain the ability to create relativistic kinetic-kill weapons becomes a deadly threat to any and all alien civilizations in range. I had this image of putting a relatively small payload on top of a bloody massive conventional booster and firing it of -- the poor mans R-bomb i guess -- but after looking at some calculations this doesn't look likely. From the kinetic energy equation and Tsiolkovsky's equation you get:
I don't have a PDF file available for this yet. Reprinted July, 1, with additional "events. Composed of the Secre- taries of War Newton D. Baker, ChairmanNavy, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, and Labor, Council was charged with coordination of industries and resources for the national security and welfare, and with creation of relations ren- dering possible in time of need immediate concentration and utilization of resources of the Nation.
October 11, Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense appointed by the President; composed of seven members, each chosen for special knowledge in one of the following fields: April 6, War declared by Congress.
April 9, Council Chairman requested all State Governors to establish councils of defense. Such councils were organized in every State, and by November 11,local units numberedApril 21, Council appointed a Woman's Committee to coordinate and stimulate war activities of Nation's women.
November 11, Armistice resulted in rapid dissolution of State and local defense councils. December 2, In response to the United States Employment Service, Council of National Defense adopted resolution asking State and local defense councils to keep organizations intact to assist Federal agencies in meeting postwar adjustments.
May 25, Office for Emergency Management established within Executive Office of the President by administrative order, in accordance with Executive Order of September 8, OEM, primarily a framework within which various civilian war agencies were established, is now inactive. May 29, President approved regulation of Council of National Defense that Advisory Commission provided for in sec.
Realignment of relationships necessitated by expansion of the program decentralized the Advisory Commission by merging its divi- sions with other newly created national defense units. August 2, Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense appointed by the President, and State Governors advised to reestablish defense councils.
December Drafts of model law sent to States for consideration of legislature with a view to securing uniformity of civil defense organization on the State level. May 20, Office of Civilian Defense established within Office for Emergency Management by EOto assure effective coordination of Federal relations with State and local governments engaged in furtherance of war programs; to provide for necessary cooperation with State and local governments with respect to measures for adequate protection of civilian population in war emergencies; and to facilitate participation by all persons in war programs.
June 20, Executive Order amended EO to provide for a wider and more effective functioning of the Volunteer Participation Committee by increasing its membership from 20 to June 30, First training course given at Edgewood Arsenal, Md. These courses continued weekly thereafter.
July 5, Emergency Medical Services established with representative of U. EMS was responsible for establishment of necessary emergency medical facilities in communities throughout the country, including organization of emergency field units and casualty stations.
July 10, OCD established nine regional offices: The insignia were developed by Charles T. Burn, an OCD staff member. It gave the first complete and coordinated plan for local organization of civilian defense, and was the prototype of all following CD organizations.
September 22, Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt appointed Assistant Director, OCD, heading Volunteer Participation activities, to administer the nonprotective aspects of civilian defense. She reported November 1,and resigned February 20, October 7, Official CD insigne patented U. Burn, who assigned rights to Government.
Kelly, with headquarters in Philadelphia. November During that month first consolidated reports from States showed over one million volunteers trained, or in training; first regionwide test blackout was held in OCD Region 1 was held at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.
December 7, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. January 3, Boy Scouts of America accepted assignment of messenger training; over one million messengers were trained for CD. January 6, Special day course for Reserve and National Guard officers, assigned to regional and State offices, began at Edgewood Arsenal, Md.
January 12, James M. January 31, Melvyn Douglas Hesselbergactor, named Director of OCD Art Council, to mobilize volunteer activities of Nation's writers, artists, musicians, and actors for Division of Civilian Participation program; served without compensation; resigned December 5,to enter Army. February 4, Joint Committee on Evacuation interdepartmental created.
Apparently abolished prior to July 1, No reference to it after that date. His last day in office was February 11, February 12, James M.Fifty Years From Trinity The Seattle Times has created one of the definitive sites examining the development of the atomic bomb. The Manhattan Project, which included some of history's greatest scientific minds, lead .
At the start of World War II in the atomic bomb had not yet been invented. However, scientists discovered about that time that a powerful explosion might be possible by splitting an atom.
This type of bomb could destroy large cities in a single blast and would change warfare forever. I recently watched a History Channel Documentary Video which talked about Ancient Nuclear Wars in the Indian Subcontinent – based on the literary evidences in ancient vedic texts and epics like Mahabharatha and the modern findings of archaeological excavations at sites like Mohen Jo Daro.
When the first atomic bomb, nicknamed "Little Boy," was dropped from the Enola Gay onto Hiroshima on the morning of August 6, , the world changed forever. Nuclear weapons possess enormous destructive power from nuclear fission or combined fission and fusion reactions.
Building on scientific breakthroughs made during the s, the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada collaborated during World War II, in what was called the Manhattan Project, to counter the suspected Nazi German atomic bomb project.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, , respectively.
The United States dropped the bombs after obtaining the consent of the United Kingdom, as required by the Quebec ph-vs.com two bombings killed ,–, people, most of whom were civilians.