Biomass energy in africa essay

Biomass or Bioenergy refers to the use of organic material to produce energy. This energy production process is referred to as Bioenergy. Due to the breadth of the term, the physical composition of biomass is inconsistent, but generally includes carbon, water and organic volatiles. For the production of energy from biomass, the term feedstock is used to refer to whatever type of organic material will be used to produce a form of energy.

Biomass energy in africa essay

Biomass energy in africa essay

Biomass or Bioenergy refers to the use of organic material to produce energy. This energy production process is referred to as Bioenergy. Due to the breadth of the term, the physical composition of biomass is inconsistent, but generally includes carbon, water and organic volatiles.

For the production of energy from biomass, the term feedstock is used to refer to whatever type of organic material will be used to produce a form of energy. The feedstock must then be converted to a usable energy form through one of many processes.

It is the simplest method by which biomass can be used for energy. In its rudimentary form, combustion is used for space heating i.

References

The gasification process uses heat, pressure and partial combustion to create syngas, which can then be used in place of natural gas [2] Aboriginal Ankur Corporation AAC. What is Biomass Gasification?

Consists of thermal decomposition in the absence of oxygen. It is the precursor to gasificationand takes place as part of both gasification and combustion [3] Biomass Energy Centre. The products of pyrolysis include gas, liquid and a sold char, with the proportions of each depending upon the parameters of the process.

Anaerobic digestion or biodigestion: The methane can then be captured to produce energy. Similarily, the solid residue can also be burned to produce energy. Yeast or bacteria are added to the biomass material, which feed on the sugars to produce ethanol an alcohol and carbon dioxide.

The ethanol is distilled and dehydrated to obtain a higher concentration of alcohol to achieve the required purity for the use as automotive fuel.

Related Tags

The solid residue from the fermentation process can be used as cattle-feed and in the case of sugar cane can be used as a fuel for boilers or for subsequent gasification.

Some feedstocks are more conducive for certain biomass conversion processes than others. The determination of which feedstocks and processes will be used is determined largely by the availability of resources and the desired end form of energy.

Context Prior to the industrial revolution, biomass was the primary source of energy.

Biomass energy in africa essay

Biomass now makes up only a small percentage of total world energy use. However, for approximately 2. The use of biomass is highly contextual to the region in which it is used — availability of resources, availability of technology and economic viability are all drivers of biomass use.

Some jurisdictions - especially those with sustainable forestry initiatives - have declared biomass a "carbon neutral" energy source.

This is based upon the logic that carbon emissions from burning biomass will be recaptured by the plants grown to feed biomass reactors in the future, thus forming a carbon cycle for the plant [5] Vieira da Rosa, A. Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes 3rd ed.

Vieira da Rosa, A. The environmental benefits and costs are highly contextual depending on the technology and feedstocks used. The world's most energy -poor peoples and regions still rely on biomass for the majority of their energy needs [4] Bridge, G.

The lack of appropriate ventilation mechanisms for burning biomass is a major health concern and contributes to short life expectancies in much of the developing world. Concerns associated with biomass go beyond human health. Depending upon the source of biomass used, deforestation, cropland degradation due to diverting agricultural residuesand land use alteration can all be relevant issues associated with biomass.Biomass Energy In Africa Essay Words 7 Pages The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind written by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer talks about the deforestation in Africa, and the different type of experiments William conducted in search of possible alternative energy.

Biomass Energy In Africa Essay Words | 7 Pages The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind written by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer talks about the deforestation in Africa, and the different type of experiments William conducted in search of possible alternative energy. As a solution, the authors introduce recycled waste, biomass, as an alternative energy source.

Helping the people of Africa implement the use biomass as an alternative form of energy will help reduce deforestation and protect Africa’s natural environment and resources.

Literacy: Natural Gas and Biomass Energy Essay. Biomass Energy Energy can be used in a various amount of ways. Energy can be created in a various amount of ways as well. Energy is what keeps the world around us revolving. What keeps our bodies clean, our stomachs full, and our needs attended to.

Alternative Energy Resource: Biomass - Biomass is a biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy this is often used to mean plant based materials, but biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material.

BEST Biomass Energy Strategy BRRA Biomass Resource Regulatory Authority The potential for biomass to contribute to Uganda’s energy development is recognized in the Renewable Energy Policy (). At an international level, the year was declared by the UN as the official year of Sustainable Energy for All among the efforts towards.

Biomass Energy, definition of biomass energy and the types of biomass energy, pros and cons