Visit Website For the next five years, a civil war between the right-leaning military, which had led the coup, and those supporting the alliance of Prince Norodom and the Khmer Rouge raged in Cambodia. Eventually, the Khmer Rouge side seized the advantage in the conflict, after gaining control of increasing amounts of territory in the Cambodian countryside. InKhmer Rouge fighters invaded Phnom Penh and took over the city.
While the Khmer Rouge was in power, they set up policies that disregarded human life and produced repression and massacres on a massive scale. They turned the country into a huge detention center, which later became a graveyard for nearly two million people, including their own members and even some senior leaders.
Fueled by the first Indochina War in the s, and during the next 20 years, the movement took roots and began to grow.
In MarchMarshal Lon Nol, a Cambodian politician who had previously served as prime minister, and his pro-American associates staged a successful coup to depose Prince Sihanouk as head of state. At this time, the Khmer Rouge had gained members and was positioned to become a major player in the civil war due to its alliance with Sihanouk.
By the end Cambodia historythe Vietnamese withdrew from Cambodia and turned the major responsibilities for the war over to the CPK. Cambodia history January to Augustthe Khmer Republic government, with assistance from the US, dropped about half a million tons of bombs on Cambodia, which may have killed as many aspeople.
By earlyabout 85 percent of Cambodian territory was in the hands of the Khmer Rouge, and the Lon Nol army was almost unable to go on the offensive. However, with US assistance, it was able to continue fighting the Khmer Rouge for two more years.
April 17, ended five years of foreign interventions, bombardment, and civil war in Cambodia. On this date, Phnom Penh, a major city in Cambodia, fell to the communist forces. Life in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge Regime A few days after they took power inthe Khmer Rouge forced perhaps two million people in Phnom Penh and other cities into the countryside to undertake agricultural work.
Thousands of people died during the evacuations. The Khmer Rouge also began to implement their radical Maoist and Marxist-Leninist transformation program at this time.
They wanted to transform Cambodia into a rural, classless society in which there were no rich people, no poor people, and no exploitation.
To accomplish this, they abolished money, free markets, normal schooling, private property, foreign clothing styles, religious practices, and traditional Khmer culture. Public schools, pagodas, mosques, churches, universities, shops and government buildings were shut or turned into prisons, stables, reeducation camps and granaries.
There was no public or private transportation, no private property, and no non-revolutionary entertainment. Leisure activities were severely restricted. People throughout the country, including the leaders of the CPK, had to wear black costumes, which were their traditional revolutionary clothes.
During this time, everyone was deprived of their basic rights.
People were not allowed to go outside their cooperative. The regime would not allow anyone to gather and hold discussions. If three people gathered and talked, they could be accused of being enemies and arrested or executed.
Family relationships were also heavily criticized. People were forbidden to show even the slightest affection, humor or pity. Many were held in prisons, where they were detained, interrogated, tortured and executed.
The most important prison in Cambodia, known as S, held approximately 14, prisoners while in operation. Only about 12 survived. This meant that people had to grow and harvest rice all 12 months of the year. In most regions, the Khmer Rouge forced people to work more than 12 hours a day without rest or adequate food.
Tens of thousands of people were sent to fight and thousands were killed. In DecemberVietnamese troops fought their way into Cambodia. They captured Phnom Penh on January 7, The Khmer Rouge leaders then fled to the west and reestablished their forces in Thai territory, aided by China and Thailand.Cambodia is a member of the United Nations since , ASEAN, the East Asia Summit, the WTO, the Non-Aligned Movement and La Francophonie.
According to several foreign organisations, the country has widespread poverty, pervasive corruption, lack of political freedoms, low human development and a .
The history of Cambodia, a country in mainland Southeast Asia, can be traced back to at least the 5th millennium BC.
  Detailed records of a political structure on the territory of what is now Cambodia first appear in Chinese annals in reference to Funan, a polity that encompassed the southernmost part of the Indochinese peninsula during the 1st to 6th centuries.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF CAMBODIA. By Tim Lambert. ANCIENT CAMBODIA. Cambodia has a rich and fascinating history. The first humans in Cambodia were Stone Age hunters and gatherers.
However farming was introduced into Cambodia about 2, BC. Cambodia Tribunal Monitor is a consortium of academic, philanthropic, and non-profit organizations committed to providing public access to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia and open discussion throughout the judicial process.
Cambodia, country on the Indochinese mainland of Southeast Asia. Cambodia is largely a land of plains and great rivers and lies amid important overland and river trade routes linking China to .
Cambodia retained its language and its cultural identity despite frequent invasions by the powerful Thai kingdom of Ayutthaya and incursions by Vietnamese forces.
Indeed, for much of this period, Cambodia was a relatively prosperous trading kingdom with its capital at Lovek, near present-day Phnom Penh.