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How to Write a Summary of an Article? Bysentiments for national unity had weakened in East Pakistan to the extent that constant conflict between the two Wings dramatically erupted into mass civil disorder. The war pitted East Pakistan and India against West Pakistan, and lasted over a duration of nine months.
However, East Pakistan in was simultaneously a battleground for many different kinds of violent conflict that included militant rebellion, mob violence, military crackdown on a civilian population, urban terrorism to full-scale war between India and Pakistan.
It witnessed large-scale atrocities, the exodus of 10 million refugees and the displacement of 30 million people. Begali nationalists declared independence March 26, The Pakistani Army attempted to regain control in East Pakistan and committed terrible atrocities.
Indian troops entered the war and quickly defeated the Pakistani Army.
The Pakistanis conceded defeat December 16, President Yahya Khan resIgned. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto took over Pakistan and recognized Bangladesh as an independent country. Pakistan was an odd creation wIth the two parts, East and West Pakistan separated by more than 1, miles.
The two parts of Pakistan shared few cultural and social traditions other than Islam. The fusion of east and west on the basis of Islam led to the frustration of Bengali nationalism.
The lack of common Causes of refugees essay was accentuated when political figures in the West seized control of the new state, dominating both political and economic power. The military governments which gave little attention to political demands in East Pakistan only promoted discord.
As a result, the resentment in East Pakistan gradually grew. The League has a moderately socialist ideology as was widespread in the new independent countries emerging from European colonial empires. Cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman assumed leadership a few years later Disturbed by the dominate role of West Pakistan leasers, Rahman demanded a more equitable distribution of power His plan called for a federation of East and West Pakistan which would have given EastPakistan a level of autonomy.
Elections The first democratic elections in Pakistan were held in with the Awami League winning with a substantial majority. However Yahya Khan banned the Awami League and declared martial law after talks on sharing power failed. Both Mujib and Bhutto were agreed upon the coalition government, with Bhutto as President and Mujib as Prime minister.
The Military government and General Yahya Khan was kept unaware of such of these developments.
Pressured by his own military government, General Yahya Khan postponed the inaugural session, and ordered to arrest Mujib and put Bhutto on house arrest. Bengali Language Movement Inthe Government of the Dominion of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Bengal.
Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies.
The students of the University of Dhaka and other political activists defied the law and organised a protest on 21st February The movement reached its climax when police killed student demonstrators on that day.
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The deaths provoked widespread civil unrest led by the Awami Muslim League, later renamed the Awami League. After years of conflict, the central government relented and granted official status to the Bengali language inwhich was too late to diminish the the hatefulness East Pakistanis had for Urdu speakers.
Pro-liberation Bengalis assumed these non-Bengalis to be in favour of united Pakistan. But a significant minority of Bengalis, including the religious parties, was also for unity. In addition, many Bengalis who voted for Sheikh Mujib out of a long-standing sense of alienation and a desire for provincial autonomy, may not have been in favour of outright secession.
The profound polarisation of politics reached even into individual Bengali families, dividing some of them horizontally — for example the father, who had experienced the creation of Pakistan, supported united Pakistan, while the son, swayed by the oratory of Sheikh Mujib, joined the fight for an independent Bangladesh.
The Bengalis said that massive development was taking place in West Pakistan and it was being financed from the money that belonged to East Pakistan entirely. Biased Nature of West Pakistan Inspite of the repeated protest by the East Pakistanis, they were discriminated in the appointments in the jobs.
The development funds were not given to them honestly. The East Pakistanis developed a colonial attitude towards the Bengalis. Causes of the defeat in east pakistan Operation Searchlight A planned military pacification carried out by the Pakistan Army — codenamed Operation Searchlight — started on 25 March to curb the Bengali nationalist movement by taking control of the major cities on 26 March, and then eliminating all opposition, political or military, within one month.
Before the beginning of the operation, all foreign journalists were systematically deported from East Pakistan. The main phase of Operation Searchlight ended with the fall of the last major town in Bengali hands in mid-May.The term refugee has been used a lot lately on news and other media outlets.
As Americans when we hear or think about a refugee, we always think of others. Title of the Paper: Causes and Consequences of Problems in the Africa Matej Skolar [email protected] ENG English Composition Alan Dykstra Informative essay November 29, Africa, the second biggest continent on Earth with over one billion population, lies in series of problems.
Daily, the people living there suffer from insufficient amount of water, food and medical care. among refugees in the United States Introduction The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) definition of a refugee is an individual who is unable to go back to his/her country of origin because of fear of being prosecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political views.1 It is estimated by the end of , there were a total of million .
Jan 17, · In your introduction, discuss the causes of refugee crises such as civil wars, draught, famine or similar disasters for ph-vs.com your introduction with a thesis statement stating clearly that refugee crises affect both the host country and the refugees themselves as they are hugely disruptive.
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