Critical and Biographical Studies 1. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene Sintes Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker. Shortly after the outbreak of WWI, when Camus was less than a year old, his father was recalled to military service and, on October 11,died of shrapnel wounds suffered at the first battle of the Marne.
What does it mean? Why has it become so ubiquitous? Should we do something about it? Should we care at all? I will join this speculative trend and speculate about why there is so much speculation.
In keeping with the trend, I will try to express my views without any factual support, simply providing you with a series of bald assertions.
Some of you may see that I have written out my talk, which is already a contradiction of principle. To keep within the spirit of our time, it should really be off the top of my head. By the media I mean movies, television, Internet, books, newspapers and magazines.
First we might begin by asking, to what degree has the media turned to pure speculation?
Someone could do a study of this and present facts, but nobody has. The requirement that you demonstrate a factual basis for your claim vanished long ago. I merely refer to it now to set standards. The Sunday morning talk shows are pure speculation.
They have to be. But television is entertainment. Also note the vague and hidden speculation. Bush is trying to hold together in the fractious coalition against terrorism. By now, under the Faludi Standard I have firmly established that media are hopelessly riddled with speculation, and we can go on to consider its ramifications.
I answer, absolutely not. Such speculation is a complete waste of time. The reason why it is useless, of course, is that nobody knows what the future holds. Do we all agree that nobody knows what the future holds? Or do I have to prove it to you? I ask this because there are some well-studied media effects which suggest that simply appearing in media provides credibility.
There was a well-known series of excellent studies by Stanford researchers that have shown, for example, that children take media literally. If you show them a bag of popcorn on a television set and ask them what will happen if you turn the TV upside down, the children say the popcorn will fall out of the bag.
This result would be amusing if it were confined to children. But the studies show that no one is exempt. All human beings are subject to this media effect, including those of us who think we are self-aware and hip and knowledgeable.
Media carries with it a credibility that is totally undeserved. I refer to it by this name because I once discussed it with Murray Gell-Mann, and by dropping a famous name I imply greater importance to myself, and to the effect, than it would otherwise have.
Briefly stated, the Gell-Mann Amnesia effect is as follows. You open the newspaper to an article on some subject you know well. In mine, show business. You read the article and see the journalist has absolutely no understanding of either the facts or the issues.
Often, the article is so wrong it actually presents the story backward—reversing cause and effect.Many students find essay writing to be an especially daunting task. Depending on the essay topic, research can take anywhere from a few hours to several days and .
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The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Critical reading is the process of reading that goes beyond just understanding a text.
Critical reading involves: carefully considering and evaluating the reading; identifying the reading's strengths and implications; identifying the reading's weaknesses and flaws; looking at the 'big picture' and deciding how the reading fits into the greater academic context.
Easy and Simple English Essays on various common topics for Children and Students. Find Essay Topics and Essay ideas for Child. Syllabus (printable PDF incl. day-to-day schedule); Course Description. This course gives a wide overview of the development of public and private architecture in .