Basic characteristics[ edit ] The nature of Romanticism may be approached from the primary importance of the free expression of the feelings of the artist. Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others believed there were natural laws the imagination—at least of a good creative artist—would unconsciously follow through artistic inspiration if left alone. The concept of the geniusor artist who was able to produce his own original work through this process of creation from nothingness, is key to Romanticism, and to be derivative was the worst sin. This particularly in the effect of nature upon the artist when he is surrounded by it, preferably alone.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Classical prose In the classical tradition the concept of "literature" was almost synonymous with poetry. Prose was used for utilitarian purposes, particularly in scholarship, religion, and the affairs of government.
In all these domains the Persian language was in competition with the more prestigious Arabic. In theology, science, and literary scholarship, Persian works were mostly popularized versions of more sophisticated works in Arabic, but this does not always mean that the former are of lesser interest.
Persian prose contains a treasure of narratives. In books belonging to the mirror for princes genrefor instance, the demonstration of proper political practice by means of anecdotes was usually more important than theoretical expositions.
Fables could be equally useful in illustrating maxims of the ethics of kingship. Most writers of these works were members of the state bureaucracy. From the 12th century onward, their flowery style became a Nature in 16th century british literature essay of prestigious Persian prose, not only in official compositions but also in other genres.
This stilted style was noticeable especially in historiography, which produced an abundance of works beginning in the Mongol period see below The Mongol and Timurid period. The mystics of Persia left a particularly rich heritage of prose writings that is not less important than their achievements in poetry.
Moreover, they created works across a great variety of prose genres, several of which were unknown in Arabic literature. Especially remarkable are works on the theory of love composed in an epigrammatic style.
A very successful form of Persian prose, the tadhkirah, was an amalgam of biography and anthology. It flourished until the 19th century in all countries where Persian letters were cultivated. The tadhkirahs constitute a rich, though not always reliable, source of knowledge about the lives of the Persian poets.
After the emergence of Persian literaturethe most important works on literary theory continued to be written in Arabic, though not seldom the authors were Iranians. The influence of Arabic terminology, ideas, and descriptive conventions remained very strong until the 20th century.
The Mongol and Timurid period About the Mongols, led by Chinggis Khandevastated Iranespecially in the east, where they destroyed several cities.
An important development during this period was the opening of contacts with Chinawhich had also been incorporated into the Mongol empire. This is a general history not only of Islam but also of other civilizations known to the author.
Timurin a series of destructive campaigns, attempted later in the 14th century to restore their empire. His efforts produced a unified state that did not last long, and in the 15th century political power in the region again became fragmented.
This situation favoured the flowering of literature and the arts. Writers, poets, and painters were able to find shelter with the local dynasties there; these dynasties had, in fact, been offering protection since the Mongol raids of the 13th century. To Iranians he is moreover a master of the ghazal ; indeed, it is often claimed that he established the classical form of the Persian ghazal.
Numerous lines from his poetry and the The Rose Garden have become proverbs in Persian. The most remarkable features of his ghazals are the kaleidoscopic shifts of imagery and motives within a single poem.
It often seems as if the individual lines stand largely on their own, and the internal unity of the ghazals and their themes are difficult to determine. This has given rise to many variant readings, including different line ordering, that exist even in the oldest manuscripts of his divan.
Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum; photograph, J. Both interpretative possibilities have their supporters among Western critics. There is also a streak of sharp sarcasm in his poetry that is aimed at the representatives of respectable religious life; not only are pious scholars, Islamic judges, preachers, and the guardians of public morality his targets, but so too are the ascetic Sufis.
However, because antinomianism was also a prominent strain in medieval Persian mysticism, an alternative reading of these motives—as the expression of a total rejection of worldly values—cannot be excluded. In histories of Persian literature, the 15th century is usually described as a period of little originality.
Poets strove for rhetorical virtuosity instead of inventiveness, especially in their handling of the ghazal. However, this century produced one really great poet: He assembled his many ghazals in three divans at different stages of his life.
In both works the allegorical meanings to be read into the stories are made explicit by the poet. Architecture and miniature painting flourished as never before.Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.
The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and theoretical approaches.
Influence of 16th Century Society on English Literature Essay The Sixteenth Century () Literary works in sixteenth- century England were rarely if ever created in isolation from other currents in the social and cultural world.
A List Of Top British Literature Essay Topics For High School British literature is a broad subject, with many exciting essay topics to explore for high school.
In fact, there are so many topics to choose from for a high school essay in British literature that you may not know where to start. Link to College of Arts and Letters Programs Anthropology.
Undergraduate Courses/link to graduate courses Cultural Difference in a Globalized Society (ANT ) 3 credits Writing Across Curriculum (Gordon Rule).
Nature in Literature Essay examples; Nature in Literature Essay examples. Words Mar 17th, 4 Pages. Holly Stalker Professor Loren Hoekzema English Nature in 16th Century British Literature Essay Words | 7 Pages.
Nature is a fundamental aspect of people's lives. It encapsulates our everyday lives because it is everywhere. Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature.