Search What is the Harvard Referencing System? The popular Harvard format is typically used in assignments and publications for humanities as well as natural, social and behavioural sciences.
Here is a sample paraphrase: From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky. While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building.
Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a story building.
How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than worlds tallest building, the Sears Tower, is unknown. The design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, Robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient know-how to build a skyscraper with over stories Bachman The writer never uses the exact words of the author therefore there is no need to use quotation marks.
The writer summarizes, uses his or her own words and then cites the source at the end. Sometimes a paraphrase will be large and must be broken up.
A good rule of thumb is to break up a paragraph that is completely paraphrased into two or three citations. The writer has given credit to the author and thus has avoided plagiarism. Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. Your paper will more or less be paraphrase after paraphrase linked together by your own words and analysis.
You need to introduce, analyze and put into context the paraphrases you use. This is the nature of the research paper, after all, you are not the expert, they are. If you cite from the same author in the very next citation you do not have to put the authors last name in the in line citation, just the page number.
As a matter of fact the architect William LeMessurier claims he designed a skyscraper that is over a half a mile tall Citing a Direct Quote Citing a direct quote uses the same form as citing a paraphrase.
The differences is that you are using someone else's words directly. Here is a sample direct quote: From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon May Yet the fragility of this regulating system is now threatened by human activity. The importance of the sea to the environment of the earth cannot be underestimated.
The first sentence is neither a paraphrase or a quote.
It is the writers own words. The writer is introducing and placing the Cousteau quote into context. Direct Quote Over Four Lines: A great speech or famous quote might justify using a direct quote over four lines.
To do this skip a line, indent five spaces on both sides of the quote, single space and use italics. Place the citation on the next line to the lower right of the quote. Go to the next line and then continue with your paper. Abraham Lincoln said in his famous Gettysburg Address: It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
Winthrop 67 What Lincoln was saying was that those that died had died for a cause. They had died to preserve the Union and to keep the United States together 67 - The long quote follows the format prescribed above.
The quote is also followed by a paraphrase from the same author.The Process f Research Writing Chapter 12, Citing Your Research Using MLA or APA Style, 2 Steven D. Krause | ph-vs.com | Spring The Process f Research Writing Chapter 12, Citing Your Research Using MLA or APA Style, 2 Steven D.
Krause | ph-vs.com | Spring The American Dream is the ideal that the government should protect each person's opportunity to pursue their own idea of happiness.
The Declaration of Independence protects this American Dream. It uses the familiar quote: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that.
Your Ultimate MLA Format Guide & Generator What is MLA? MLA stands for the Modern Language Association, which is an organization that focuses on language and literature..
Depending on which subject area your class or research focuses on, your professor may ask you to cite your sources in MLA format. The Complete Guide to MLA & Citations What You’ll Find on This Guide: This page provides an in-depth overview of MLA format. It includes information related to MLA citations, plagiarism, proper formatting for in-text and regular citations, and examples of citations for many different types of sources.
3. APA Style (American Psychological Association) Using a particular citing/formatting style can simplify the editors’ work because every author adheres to the same format, as well as make it easier for the audience to follow the author’s ideas because they are organized according to a familiar structure.