Tweet on Twitter Physician assisted suicide or euthanasia has always been hotly debated. On the flip side, there are many who believe that physician assisted suicide is morally and ethically wrong, it can be misused and the state or the law cannot grant a person the right to die.
Legalizing euthanasia or assisted suicide: In all jurisdictions, laws and safeguards were put in place to prevent abuse and misuse of these practices.
Prevention measures have included, among others, explicit consent by the person requesting euthanasia, mandatory reporting of all cases, administration only by physicians with the exception of Switzerlandand consultation by a second physician. The present paper provides evidence that these laws and safeguards are regularly ignored and transgressed in all the jurisdictions and that transgressions are not prosecuted.
Although the initial intent was to limit euthanasia and assisted suicide to a last-resort option for a very small number of terminally ill people, some jurisdictions now extend the practice to newborns, children, and people with dementia. A terminal illness is no longer a prerequisite.
Legalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide therefore places many people at risk, affects the values of society over time, and does not provide controls and safeguards. The physician therefore administers the lethal substance. In physician-assisted suicide pas on the other hand, a person self-administers a lethal substance prescribed by a physician.
To date, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg have legalized euthanasia 12. The laws in the Netherlands and Luxembourg also allow pas. In the United States, the states of Oregon and Washington legalized pas in and respectively, but euthanasia remains illegal 3.
In the Netherlands, euthanasia and pas were formally legalized in after about 30 years of public debate 1. Despite opposition, including that from the Belgian Medical Association, Belgium legalized euthanasia in after about 3 years of public discourse that included government commissions.
The law was guided by the Netherlands and Oregon experiences, and the public was assured that any defects in the Dutch law would be addressed in the Belgian law. Luxembourg legalized euthanasia and pas in Switzerland is an exception, in that assisted suicide, although not formally legalized, is tolerated as a result of a loophole in a law dating back to the early s that decriminalizes suicide.
Euthanasia, however, is illegal 4. A person committing suicide may do so with assistance as long as the assistant has no selfish motives and does not stand to gain personally from the death. Unlike other jurisdictions that require euthanasia or assisted suicide to be performed only by physicians, Switzerland allows non-physicians to assist suicide.
In all these jurisdictions, safeguards, criteria, and procedures were put in place to control the practices, to ensure societal oversight, and to prevent euthanasia and pas from being abused or misused 5.
Some criteria and procedures are common across the jurisdictions; others vary from country to country 56. The extent to which these controls and safeguards have been able to control the practices and to avoid abuse merits closer inspection, particularly by jurisdictions contemplating the legalization of euthanasia and pas.
The requesting person must provide explicit written consent and must be competent at the time the request is made. Despite those safeguards, more than people in the Netherlands are euthanized involuntarily every year.
Jun 08, · Physician-assisted suicide isn't right for doctors. Don't change the AMA's position. Accepting physician-assisted suicide is a slippery slope. The AMA believes it is wrong for doctors to kill. Cons of Legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide. 1. Immoral and Unethical Doctors or nurses or any medical practitioner cannot, morally or ethically, allow a person to die. This is a direct violation of the Hippocratic Oath. 2. Devalue Life Legalizing physician assisted suicide tends to trivialize the value of life. 3. Can Become Misused. Switzerland is an exception, in that assisted suicide, although not formally legalized, is tolerated as a result of a loophole in a law dating back to the early s that decriminalizes suicide. Euthanasia, however, is illegal 4.
Ina total of deaths by euthanasia or pas were reported, representing 1. More than people 0. For every 5 people euthanized, 1 is euthanized without having given explicit consent.The Dangers of Euthanasia - key arguments The key issue is not compassion or morality – people on both sides of the debate want to prevent intolerable suffering.
The key issue is the long-term consequences of a law change for public safety. This is an issue . Assisted Suicide: A Disability Perspective Position Paper Assisted Suicide: A Disability Perspective.
Position Paper. National Council on Disability. March 24, The experience in the Netherlands demonstrates that legalizing assisted suicide generates strong pressures upon individuals and families to utilize that option, and .
Cons of Legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide. 1. Immoral and Unethical Doctors or nurses or any medical practitioner cannot, morally or ethically, allow a person to die. This is a direct violation of the Hippocratic Oath. 2. Devalue Life Legalizing physician assisted suicide tends to trivialize the value of life.
3. Can Become Misused. The risks of legalizing assisted suicide and euthanasia for these individuals, in a health care system and society that cannot effectively protect against the impact of inadequate resources and ingrained social disadvantages, would be extraordinary.
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A minority of the respondents (29 percent) thought that legalizing physician-assisted suicide could result in lethal overdoses being given to patients without their consent.