Plagiarism Commas with essential and non-essential clauses With essential and non-essential clauses it is important to know whether to use commas or not because their use or avoidance will change the meaning of the sentence. Essential clauses are necessary to identify the person or thing that is being described. They are essential to understanding the sentence.
We could not have done it without you, Lisa.
Thank you, Governor, for your support. Lori, please stop by my office before you leave for the day. Dates When a date consists of the day of the month followed by the year, the day of the month should be followed by a comma.
When the day of the week is provided before the month, the day of the week should be followed by a comma. The store closed its doors for good on Wednesday, October 15, When the date appears in the middle of a sentence, commas should appear both before and after the year.
Her arrival on April 10,was considered a turning point for the company. When a date is used as an adjective, most authorities require a comma following the year.
Given the uncertainty, it is best to recast the sentence. The July 10, [,] meeting was canceled due to a hurricane watch.
The meeting scheduled for July 10,was canceled due to a hurricane watch. No comma is used between the month and the year when they are the only two elements in the date. The store closed its doors for good in October The store closed its doors for good in October, The British style, sometimes used by American writers, reverses the month and date—and eliminates the need for a comma.
See also the essay discussing British and American usage. Her arrival on 10 April was considered a turning point for the company. Geographic references Commas should be used to separate geographic elements, as in the examples below.
The final geographic element should also be followed by a comma when it appears in the middle of a sentence. The mayor of New York was the first guest to arrive; the mayor of Athens, Georgia, was the last to arrive.
The listing comma Though not necessarily mechanical, the use of commas in lists is well established. In this usage, the comma separates a series of words, phrases, or independent clauses.A decimal separator is a symbol used to separate the integer part from the fractional part of a number written in decimal form..
Different countries officially designate different symbols for the decimal separator. The choice of symbol for the decimal separator also affects the choice of symbol for the thousands separator used in digit grouping, so the . In English language punctuation, a serial comma or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or a Harvard comma) is a comma placed immediately before the coordinating conjunction (usually and or or) in a series of three or more ph-vs.com example, a list of three countries might be punctuated either as "France, Italy, and Spain" (with the serial comma.
The sentence is correct with or without the comma before and.(There are a few exceptions that require you to use the Oxford comma in a list, but they are pretty rare.)Just be consistent.
Don’t switch back and forth in the same document between using the Oxford comma and not using it. When correcting a comma splice, that is when joining two independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction, put the comma before and.
Commas with Lists When you have a list that contains more than two elements, use commas to separate them. Note: Most people would probably agree that commas are the most confusing punctuation marks because there are so many rules dictating when and how they should be used.
I will not attempt to list all the comma rules on this page (there are some excellent sites listed on the Resources page that explain all the rules of comma . Note that we use a comma or a set of commas to make the year parenthetical when the date of the month is included: July 4, , is regarded as the birth date of American liberty.
Without the date itself, however, the comma disappears.